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Experts agree that there is a need for continuous evaluation and upgrading for school-based management (SMB) to be fully realized. In the Philippines, there had been few attempts at the national level but in-depth, localized evaluation is being recommended. Hence, this study was conceptualized to document and determine the effect of SMB on the school heads’ governance of secondary school in Benguet, Philippines. The study employed both quantitative method (structured survey) and qualitative method (focused group discussion and interviews). Results showed that the use of SMB by school heads is a key factor in effectively running the school system. Manifestations of these are observed in the very satisfactory application of the SMB knowledge and skills in school governance with minimal support and guidance from their superiors. In addition, the school heads’ extent of application of the acquired SBM knowledge and skills have influenced their capability in school governance. However, the school heads expressed developmental needs to further their management skills. Such results imply a substantial realization on the implementation of SMB in secondary schools embarking on institutionalizing quality improvement measures in all program areas as mandated in their respective school systems
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