Momma: Understanding Young Farmers’ Perspective of Betel Nut Chewing in Bashoy, Kabayan, Benguet, Philippines

Main Article Content

Dianne A. Bay-an


This paper explores how young farmers in Bashoy, Kabayan, Benguet perceive betel nut chewing through the reasons, beliefs, and social meanings they attach to the practice. The researcher employed the qualitative research design through the conduct of in-depth interviews and participant observation. The respondents of this study provided a new perspective on betel nut chewing as it is already an integrated part of their farming life. They claim betel nut chewing as a productive vice because it provides them with benefits such as warmth, strength, focus, relaxation, and hunger and thirst regulation. Betel nut chewing has also become an integral part of creating and cementing friendship among farmers as it is also a part of their celebratory practice after every harvest and other occasions. It has slowly built its place as an agent of communication among chewers which are also farmers.

Article Details



Ahuja, S.C., & Ahuja, U. (2011). Betel Leaf and Betel nut in India:History and uses. Asian Agrihist.

Balangcod, T.D., & Balangcod, K.D. (2018). Plants and Culture: Plant Utilization among local communities in Kabayan, Benguet Province, Philippines. Departmentof Biology, College of Science University of the Philippines, Baguio. Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge, 17(4): 609-622.

Benegal, V., Rajkumar, R.P., & Muralidharan, K. (2008). Does areca nut use lead to dependence? Drug Alcohol Depend, 97(1-2): 114-21.

Brubaker, R. (1985). Rethinking Classical Theory: The Sociological Vision of Pierre Bourdieu. Theory and Society, 14(6): 745-775.

Bulwayan, R.B., Balocnit, D.A., & Sannadan, J.G.M. (2023). Piper Betel and Areca Nut: Interfacing Cultural, Communication and Ethno-therapeutic Knowledge as Reflected in the Kalinga Epic, the Ullalim. International Journal of English Literature and Social Sciences, 8(3): 385-404.

Garg, A., Chaturvedi, P., & Gupta, P.C. (2014). A Review of the Systemic Adverse Effects of Arcea Nut or Betel Nut. Indian Journal of Medical and Pediatric Oncology, 35(1): 3-9.

Hendricks, P.S., Ditre, J.W., Drobes, D.J., & Brandon, T.H. (2006). The early time course of smoking withdrawal effects. Psychopharmacology, 187(3): 385–396.

Hobbis, S.K., & Hobbis, G. (2023). Beauty for Development? Betel Aesthetics and Socioeconomic Stability in Urban Solomon Islands. The Asia Pacific Journal of Anthropology, 24(1): 36-56.

Holstein J.A., & Gubrium J.F. (2007). Constructionist Perspectives on the Life Course. Sociology Compass, 1(1): 335-352.

Howden G.F. (1984). The cariostatic effect of betel nut chewing. Papua New Guinea Medical Journal, 27(3-4): 123-131.

Javed, F., Correra, F.O.B., Chotai, M., Tappuni, A.R., & Almas, K. (2010). Systemic conditions associated with areca nut usage: A literature review. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, 38(8): 838–844.

Nelson, B.S., & Heischober, B. (1999). Betel Nut: A Common Drug used by Naturalized Citizens from India, Far East Asia and the South Pacific Islands. Ann Emerg Med., 34(2): 238-43.

Ma, W.F., Li, C.I., Gritz E.R., Tamí-Maury, I., Lam, C., & Lin, C.C. (2017). A symbol of connectedness between the self and the tribal home: betel quid in the lives of Indigenous Taiwanese. Journal of Nursing, 64(3): 65-73.

Möller, I.J., Pindborg, J.J., & Effendi, I. The relation between betel chewing and dental caries. European Journal of Oral Sciences, 85(1): 64-70.

O’mahony, M. (2007). Sensory Adaptation. Journal of Sensory Studies, 1(3-4): 237-258.

Strickland, S.S. (2002). Anthropological Perspectives on Use of the Areca Nut. Addiction Biology, 7(1): 85-97.

World Health Organization. (2012). New Report reveals High relevance of Betel, Tobacco Chewing in Western Pacific.